SUNKEN REMAINS

A 4000 year old Bronze Age Pile Dwelling on Lake Garda.

 

UNESCO-WORLD HERITAGE PREHISTORIC PILE-DWELLINGS

The transnational serial property of "Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the Alps" was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 2011 and comprises of a collection of 111 archaeological pile-dwelling sites spread over six countries surrounding the Alps (Switzerland, Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Slovenia).  The remains of prehistoric pile dwelling settlements dating from 5000 to 500 BC which are pre-served underwater, on lake shores, along rivers or in wetlands.

 

 

PILE-DWELLING SITES IN THE LAKE GARDA AREA

The southern shores of lake Garda and the surrounding moraines, with their scattering of small lakes, is the area with the densest concentration of pile-dwellings that are also the best known in Italy.

 

© Tritone Sub Desenzano

 

THE PILE-DWELLING SETTLEMENT AT SAN SIVINO-GABBIANO, IN MANERBA DEL GARDA

In 1971 the remains of an extensive pile-dwelling settlement were indentified during diving San Sivino near Manerba del Garda, by the Associazione Tritone Sub of Desenzano, and in the following years drawings of small areas of piles were made (during the winter of 1971-72 and the summer of 1978) as well as an underwater survey (1980), which demonstrated that the site extended along the lake shore for a distance of roughly 150 m.

The prehistoric pile-dwelling settlement of Manerba del Garda, the remains of which lie submerged in lake Garda not far from the present shoreline, has never been the subject of systematic archaeological investigation, although scholars have been aware of its location since the early 1970s. Following the proclamation of the UNESCO Serial Transnational Site Prehistoric pile-dwellings around the Alps, in 2013 a topographic survey positioned the site and in the same year microscopic analyses led to the discovery that there were at least two main settlement phases. The earlier has been radiocarbon dated to the 20th-18th centuries BC and the later to the 17th-16th centuries BC.

 spilloni vaso

 

 

The resumption of underwater exploration towards the end of 2017 made it possible to identify the full extension of the site, which far exceeded the 2013 hypothesis (more than 10000 m2), as well enabling further sample gathering of the piles and lake bed for scientific analyses, and made it possible to clearly define the area of the UNESCO conservation site at surface level.

 

© Tritone Sub Desenzano

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